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Dominica What are the Free of silicone defoamers for paints(1)

2023-05-10

Dominica Selection of antifoaming agents for different applications:

agent

Flat coating

Features: Low viscosity, low defoaming pressure

varnish

Recommendation: Mineral oils or mineral oil modified polyethers

Elastic coating

Features: High viscosity, high Free of silicone defoamers pressure

Recommendation: Polyether modified silicone

Surface coating and film covering adhesive

Recommendation: Polyethers, which can effectively prevent surface defects and have a small impact on gloss

Varnish

Water in Water Colorful

not

water-based

There is no unified understanding of the mechanism of defoaming agents. According to the mechanism of defoaming agents proposed by predecessors, there are generally the following types: [4]
General defoaming mechanism
Typical defoaming mechanisms with a broad overview are the Robinson defoaming mechanism and the Ross hypothesis. Among them, Robinson mechanism is the basis of Ross hypothesis, which mainly emphasizes the liquid drainage of defoamer destroying foam and Marangoni effect to realize defoaming; The Ross hypothesis is based on the fact that the defoamer particles are insoluble droplets, while some defoamers actually produce defoaming effects in a dissolved state, so the defoaming mechanism of the Ross hypothesis is not comprehensive

Leveling principle
The compatibility of acrylic leveling agents is an important indicator of their ability to control the surface state of the coating film. The compatibility is too good to dissolve in the coating film, which will not form a new interface on the surface of the coating film and provide no leveling effect; Due to poor compatibility, it is impossible to uniformly distribute on the surface of the coating film, which can gather together and easily cause shrinkage defects. It can reduce the gloss of the coating film and produce adverse side effects such as fog and shadow. Only with ideal controlled compatibility can a new interfacial layer be formed on the surface of the coating film, playing a leveling role

Features: More surfactants, stable foam

Dominica Recommendation: Use polyethers or mineral oil to modify polyethers

Defoaming mechanism of hydrophobic solid particles
Hydrophobic solid particles in the foam system will first attract the hydrophobic end of the surfactant, making the hydrophobic solid particles become hydrophilic, thus reducing the concentration of surfactant in the foam film and promoting the foam to burst. This defoaming mechanism cannot explain the action mechanism of other defoaming agents, which is too one-sided. [4] Other reasons for the bursting of foam are the impact caused by the expansion of defoamer, the solubilization of surfactant and the collapse of electrolyte, and the bursting of electric double layer on the liquid film surface. [4] It can be seen from the above defoaming mechanisms that each defoamer has different emphasis on different foam systems, but defoaming is achieved by destroying the stability factors of foam

Precautions for use of paint Free of silicone defoamers:

Before use, stir thoroughly and mix evenly; Adding the paint while stirring; Before use, it is generally not diluted with water; The dosage should be appropriate. Excessive dosage can cause shrinkage, edge shrinkage, poor brushing performance, and other problems; Too little dosage leads to poor defoaming effect; Add it in two stages, namely, add it in the grinding stage and the paint mixing stage, generally accounting for half of the total amount each time. Use defoaming agents with good foam suppression effect in the grinding stage, and use defoaming agents with good foam breaking effect in the paint mixing stage